Here’s how to fix a Windows 11 file system error

Here’s how to fix a Windows 11 file system error

Claire Moraa

Claire has a background in Commerce and Mathematics. She found herself interested in Tech through her curiosity…. Read more

  • A Windows 11 file system error is a serious problem that can prevent you from using certain files or applications and even cause some problems on your PC.
  • File system errors cannot be ignored because they can lead to data loss and even permanent damage to your computer if left unchecked.
  • In order to fix a file system error, you must first identify the exact cause of this issue and then take the necessary steps to resolve it.


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A Windows 11 file system error is a common issue for Windows users. Sometimes it’s a temporary problem that corrects itself when you restart your PC or refresh the page. Other times, there might be a more serious problem with your browser, operating system or computer.

Your file system is responsible for organizing files and directories on storage media (such as hard disks and optical discs). Your computer cannot read data from your storage media without a file system. 

It also manages the available space of your hard disk and the files stored on it so that the files can be easily accessed by the operating system.

File system errors are quite common in Windows. These errors can occur due to a number of reasons like corruption of system files, a virus infection, lack of disk space etc.

The errors manifest in form of error codes such as (-2147219196) which could prevent you from accessing your files. 

When such an error occurs, you may find that basic computer tasks such as opening or saving files are impossible, and this is caused by the operating system not being able to successfully read the data on your hard drive.

Why am I getting a Windows 11 file system error?

File system errors are common, but most of them can be fixed with ease:

  • Corrupt files – File systems can become corrupt due to a variety of factors. Typically, this happens when the file system becomes damaged due to unexpected shutdowns or power failures and loses its ability to organize data properly.
  • Malware – The other main cause of a corrupted file system is through the actions of malware. Malware can be designed to alter or damage the actual files stored in the file system, causing it to lose its ability to work effectively. In addition, some malware may attempt to damage the file system itself, which can be more difficult to repair.
  • Hardware issues – In some cases, the Windows 11 file system error can also occur due to a hardware issue. As such, if you are experiencing this error on your system, you should consider replacing your hard drive with a new one and then check if the problem is still there.
  • Invalid registry entries – Registry errors are one of the main causes of file system errors. Your computer may have a huge number of registry files, and any of these files can be damaged due to various reasons such as malware infection, power surges, incorrect uninstallation, etc. When the registry files are damaged, your computer will fail to access them.

If you have ever encountered this error before, you will understand just how frustrating it can be to see it appear on your screen. 

You may even have lost valuable data as a result of this problem and will be desperate to get it fixed so you can avoid further damage and recover your data. If so, proceed with our solutions below.

How can I fix a Windows 11 file system error?

1. Use a third-party tool

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The first thing the program will do when you start a scan is check the Windows Registry for any issues. It can fix a wide range of problems, from blue screens and DLL errors to registry issues, file corruption and more.

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If there are broken entries or unnecessary keys that can be deleted, it will remove them, leaving your system with more space and fewer errors.

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2. Check for viruses

  1. Press the Windows key, search Windows Security and click Open.
  2. Select Virus & threat protection.virus and threat protection steam error e502 l3
  3. Next, press Quick scan under Current threats.quick scan
  4. Wait for the process to finish and restart your system.

3. Check for Windows Updates

  1. Press the Windows key, search Check for updates, and click Open.
  2. Hit Check for updates.
  3. If you have any pending updates, proceed to Download & install and then restart your system.

4. Uninstall recent Windows Updates

  1. Press the Windows + I keys simultaneously to open settings
  2. Navigate to Windows Updates and go to Update history.
  3. Click on Uninstall updates.
  4. Select the most recent update then click Uninstall.

5. Run DISM

  1. Press the Windows key, type cmd on the search bar and click Run as administrator.
  2. Type in the following command then press Enter: DISM /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
  3. Restart your PC for the changes to take place.


  1. Press the Windows key, type cmd on the search bar, and click Run as administrator.
  2. Type in the following command then press Enter: chkdsk:/f 

What can I do if I experience the ms-settings file system error in Windows 11?

The ms-settings file system error is what happens when a user tries to open any settings from the Start menu. This can also occur when you try to open settings from the taskbar or Action Center.

If you encounter such an error, you can try resetting the Settings app. Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Press the Windows + I keys to open the Settings settings
  2. Select App Settings.
  3. Scroll down and select Reset.

How can I fix the Windows 11 NTFS file system error?

Windows uses the NTFS file system to store and retrieve files on your hard drive. The two main reasons for file system errors are hardware issues, such as bad sectors or sudden power loss, and software issues, such as disk cleanup software not working properly.

Another possibility is that there are NTFS permissions blocking access to this location. If this is the case, then unfortunately your options will be extremely limited.

This is because changing permissions on operating system files and folders can cause huge problems down the road if they’re not done correctly or reverted back afterwards.

You can try a Startup Repair and attempt to remedy the situation. Follow the steps below to perform a Startup Repair:

  1. Press the Windows + I keys simultaneously to open settings
  2. Select the Recovery option on the System tab.
  3. Click Restart now for the Advanced startup option.
  4. Select Troubleshoot option.Troubleshoot menu in advanced options
  5. Next, select Advanced options.
  6. Choose the Startup Repair option.Startup repair to repair Windows 10

If you were experiencing a file system error, we hope you were able to salvage the situation by using one or more of our solutions. Also, feel free to visit our guide on how to fix corrupted files to prevent future errors.

Remember to also secure your device with an antivirus solution as your system is vulnerable to malware and viruses exposing you to frequent file system errors. 

Let us know which method worked out for you in the comment section below. Also, leave any thoughts or additional solutions that may have worked for you.

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